2 edition of aspectual semantics of psychological verbs. found in the catalog.
aspectual semantics of psychological verbs.
Jan Van Voorst
Offprint from Linguistics and philosophy 15.
|Other titles||Linguistics and philosophy.|
Testing for Telicity "One reliable test to distinguish between telic and atelic verb phrases is to try using the gerund form of the verb phrase as direct object of complete or finish, which refer to the natural point of completion of an action. Only telic verb phrases can be used in this way. English aspectual verbs (AVs), like begin and nish, have been discussed intermit-tently in both the semantic and syntactic literature (Perlmutter, ; Newmeyer, ; Portner, ; Fukuda, ). Even less frequently discussed is a peculiar alternation which some of these verbs allow: (1) a. John began reading the book. b. John began the.
This book explores the nature of stative verbs, their eventuality structure, and the patterns of argument realization. The study shows that there is no single class of stative verbs. Rather, several distinct groups of verbs are found: Verbs that undergo a systematic stative/eventive ambiguity; verbs that allow for a stative reading only; and verbs that seem to have an intermediate status. This book presents a model of event structure for the analysis of aspectual constructions and argument structure constructions in English and other languages. Representing the culmination of two decades of the author's research and thought, it explores the contribution of semantics to the argument-structure and tense-aspect constructions in.
CAS LX —Semantics 1 Spring 1 Aspectual Classes of Verb Phrases Current understanding of verb meanings (from Predicate Logic): verbs combine with their arguments to yield the truth conditions of a sentence. With such an understanding of verbs, we can classify verb meanings according to the number of arguments that the verb demands. This volume offers a variety of perspectives on two of the main topics situated at the crossroads between lexical semantics and syntax, namely: (a) aspect and its correspondence with syntactic structure; and (b) the delimitation of syntactic structures from verb classes. Almost from Aristotle’s Metaphysics, it has been assumed that verbs invoke a mental image about the way in which.
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Lexical Semantics of Aspectual semantics of psychological verbs. book IV: Aspectual Approaches to Lexical Semantic Representation Reading: DowtySection 4; Kearns ; L&RHSections 1 Aspectual approaches: An introduction As verbs denote events that take place in time, can verbs be differentiated according to how the events they denote take place in time?File Size: KB.
The aspectual semantics of psychological verbs. The Semantics of Verbs and Times in Generative Semantics and in Montague's PTQ, D. Reidel, Dordrecht. Google Scholar; Dowty, David:‘On the Semantic Content of the Notion “Thematic Roles”’, in Gennaro Chierchia, Cited by: 4 start) and psychological verbs (e.g.
enjoy, prefer, endure)3, they also observed that when these two subclasses were separately studied, they exhibited distinct processing profiles. The coercion effect (increased cost sometime after the complement head) was observable with the aspectual verb set and not with the psychological verb set.4 These three challenges, taken collectively, suggest.
This paper analyzes the transitive/intransitive alternation in class 2 psychological verbs of Belletti and Rizzi. The transitive variant implies an agentive subject and an aspectual change of state. The intransitive variant implies a cause and a locative state. Spanish class 2 psychological verbs are causative due to the cause component conflated in the verbal structure which gives rise to the.
"This is the most important book on lexical aspect since David Dowty's seminal Word Meaning and Montague Grammar."Angelika Kratzer, University of Massachusetts–Amherst "As well as providing a clear introduction to the subject, this excellent book extends our knowledge of the lexical aspectual properties of verbs and verb phrases in new and original directions.
Chapter 2, “The aspectual structure of events”, presents a fine-grained classification of aspectual types and introduces the two-dimensional geometric representation of aspectual structure.
A verb denoting an event may belong to different aspectual types in different tense-aspect constructions; its range of types is its aspectual potential.
but not psychological verbs (e.g., enjoy) (Katsika et al. ), and that contra the traditional assumption aspectual verbs not only select for events but also for entity-denoting complements (Piñango and Deo ).
Here, we test the hypothesis that aspectual verbs require their complement to be conceptualized as a structured individual. These. The hypothesis of the autonomy of syntax makes special demands on one of the central issues in linguistic theory: the specification of correspondences between a lexical conceptual and syntactic structure.
One strategy is to distinguish several layers of lexical representation and allow only one of them to be "visible" to syntactic and morphological processes (cf.
PinkerGrimshaw ). The aspectual classiﬁcation of a verb and its arguments can be determined in two ways: by making reference to the presence of the appropriate temporal properties deﬁning an event of that aspectual type.
— by applying an aspectual diagnostic or a set of aspectual diagnostics that reveal the precise aspectual type of that event. Lexical aspect is a stock concept of natural language semantics that intersects with grammatical aspect, tense, adverbial modification, the syntax and semantics of quantification and various expressions of quantity, argument structure, and linking at the lexical semantics–syntax interface.
It also plays a role in the temporal sequencing of discourse, and is a semantic category that. Summary This chapter contains section titled: Introduction Aspectual Classes of Verbs Can Verbs, as Opposed to VPs, be Aspectually Categorizedw Book Author(s): Susan Rothstein.
Search for more papers by this author. 9 On the Morphosyntax of (Anti) Causative Verbs* 10 Saturated Adjectives, Reified Properties; 11 Incremental Homogeneity in the Semantics of Aspectual for‐Phrases* 12 Event Measurement and Containment; 13 Draw; 14 Morphological Aspect and the Function and Distribution of Cognate Objects Across Languages* 15 Locales.
" The Aspectual Semantics of Psychological Verbs". Lingus-tics and Philoso - 18 - Vendler, Z. However, this book goes beyond what Tenny (,) accomplishes in. Abstract. Aspectual verbs like begin, start and finish form a subset of the class of ‘coercion verbs’ implicated in the phenomenon of complement coercion.
Such verbs have been assumed to select exclusively for eventive complements (e.g. John began/enjoyed reading the book/ the meeting).The standard view holds that the composition of an entity-denoting expression with any coercion verb. This paper inquires into the meaning of the progressive in Korean and English by focusing on its complementation restriction.
Although the English progressive, due to its semantics of “process in progress”, cannot normally accept stative verbs such as know, love, have, etc., the Korean progressive ko iss form naturally occurs with them.
Rather than proposing a different semantics of ko iss. Aspectual classes is a term that used for a classification of verbs with respect to their aspectual properties, dating back to an Aristotelian classification of situations.
Examples (i) States: Socrates is mortal. She is in danger. He loves potatoes. (ii) Activities: John walked miles and miles. This book presents a model of event structure for the analysis of aspectual constructions and argument structure constructions in English and other languages.
Representing the culmination of two decades of the author's research and thought, it explores the contribution of semantics to the argument-structure and tense-aspect constructions in which verbs occur, integrating the aspectual and.
Coercion verbs have been taken to include not only aspectual verbs like begin, start, and finish but also psychological verbs such as enjoy, endure, and savor and control verbs like try and attempt. semantics for aspectual verbs Abstract: Coercion verbs have been taken to include not only aspectual verbs like begin, start, and ﬁnish but also psychological verbs such as enjoy, endure, and savor and control verbs like try and attempt.
Their unifying property has been assumed to be that they select for eventive complements (e.g. John began. The approach taken here employs analytic techniques which have not been systematically applied before to this group of temporal aspectual verbs.
In other works which have concentrated on these same verbs (perlmutter,and Newmeyer, a, b) few insights about the semantic properties of the verbs are formalized. The individual chapters focus on Polish and Spanish psych verbs, which manifest new overt contrasts that often remain covert in languages such as English, e.g., aspectual distinctions, the peculiarities of dative constructions, or the role of information structure in determining the word order.The most general goal of this book is to propose and illustrate a program of research in word semantics that combines some of the methodology and results in linguistic semantics, primarily that of the generative semantics school, with the rigorously formalized syntactic and semantic framework for the analysis of natural languages developed by Richard Montague and his associates, a framework in.THE ASPECTUAL SEMANTICS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL VERBS 67 (2)d.
He hit me as rather impatient The second (3) and the third class (4) contain verbs that can only occur psychologically. The subject can either be an animate being active in the event or an inanimate entity causing the event.
The former use I .